Cockroaches are not only unwanted pests but a threat to human health by eating our food and leaving behind disease pathogens.
Roaches cause “food poisoning” in humans, and they contaminate food, food prep areas, dishes, utensils. But the major impact from roaches is their ability to cause asthma.
The most common and successful domestic (indoor) cockroach is the German roach in the U.S. Its reproduction rate is greater than any other pest cockroach, resulting in four generations per year. Adults are light brown to tan measuring ½ to 5/8-inch long. While they do carry wings they are unable to fly. The female is know to carry her eggs case for up to 15 – 34 days until its just about to hatch, each egg can contain up to 30-48 cockroach nymphs.
Four Common Roaches
There are basically four common roaches in this area:
- German cockroach
- Oriental roach
- American roach
- Brown-banded roach
German roaches are the most common found in kitchens. Oriental’s are the “water bug” found in basements, crawlspaces, & cooler, damp areas. The American is a larger roach which prefer boiler rooms, sewers, basements. Brown-banded roaches prefer higher temperatures, and nonfood areas like bedrooms. Food, water and shelter are the basic requirements for roaches to survive. Homes have all three of these.